In A First, Judge Requires CWA Permit Using High Court Groundwater Ruling

July 16, 2021
A federal judge is requiring a Hawaii county’s treatment plant to obtain a Clean Water Act (CWA) permit to govern discharge of treated wastewater into its injection wells that then makes its way to the Pacific Ocean, a first-time application of the Supreme Court’s landmark test on when pollutants that travel through groundwater require a permit. “The discharge from the County’s injection wells into the groundwater and ultimately into the ocean is the functional equivalent of a direct discharge such...


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